Restored Cover 2

Featuring 3 towns with 7 pictures from Adams County, “Restored Ohio” was released on April 29, 2019. It’s the sequel of “Abandoned Ohio” (2018) & shows a different side of what physically remains of Ohio’s past. Many of the locations operate as businesses such as restaurants, hotels (former stagecoach stops), museums, & working mills.

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Buck Run – Scott Township
Post Office: 1872 – 1904
Location: 38.985624, -83.579641
on SR 247 at the intersection with Calvary Rd 

Remnants: none known
Description: The post office was originally at Campbell’s Mills on Buck Run & operated out of private residences in later years. Buck Run also had a school (Scott Township No. 6) on the west side of SR 247 north of the GPS coordinates on land donated by the Roberts family. Robert K. Campbell (1818 – 1905) was the first postmaster & later moved to Warren County, Iowa where he was buried with relatives in IOOF Cemetery on US 69 (South Jefferson Way) in Indianola. Robert was succeeded as postmaster by Robert P. Finley (1831 – 1902) who was buried with relatives in Cherry Fork Cemetery on SR 136. S. L. Wikoff was the next postmaster. Irene (Chaney) Roberts (1866 – 1915) was the last postmaster &was buried with relatives & other residents in Mount Calvary Cemetery about 2 miles northwest of the GPS coordinates on the west side of Calvary Rd. 

Burkitts – Brush Creek Township
Post Office: 1835 – 1840
Location: 38.786254, -83.424999
on Cummings Rd (T-148)

Remnants: log church & Burkitt Cemetery at the end of the road, on private property with no visiting allowed
Description: The town was founded by English immigrant Thomas Burkitt (1763 – 1836). He married Polly (Wheeler) Burkitt (1766 – 1820) & had several children before moving to Ohio. Thomas remarried with Hannah (Evans) Burkitt (1777 – 1835) after Polly passed away but didn’t have any children with her. Hannah was laid to rest with relatives in Soldiers Run (Carson / Osman) Cemetery about 20 miles south of the GPS coordinates on private property the west side of SR 125. Thomas & Polly were buried in Burkitt cemetery.

Elizabeth (Elisabethtown) – Wayne Township
Location: 38.899390, -83.595421
on the southeast side of SR 137 between Paint Rd & Potts Rd 

Remnants: none known
Description: Elisabethtown had 96 lots on 7 streets platted by James V. McNeil (1833 – 1913). It appears that few of the lots were ever sold & improved. James was buried in Cherry Fork Cemetery on SR 136.

Evergreen – Meigs Township
Location: 38.919532, -83.402525
on Steam Furnace Rd between Davis Rd & Mineral Springs Rd 

Remnants: Evergreen Church & Cemetery about 1 & 1/2 miles south of SR 32
Description: Evergreen’s main industries were farming & livestock raising.

Fristoes – Meigs Township
Location: 38.896202, -83.453228
on SR 42 along Brush Creek & the land where Brush Creek Motorsports complex now sits 

Remnants: none known
Description: It was founded by Richard Fristoe (1805 – 1885) & Anna (Sample) Fristoe (1805 – 1897) who were farmers & livestock dealers. They were buried in Locust Grove Cemetery on SR 42.

Grimes – Monroe Township
Post Office: 1886 – 1907
Location: 38.676916, -83.453852
between US 52 & the Ohio River on the west side of Ohio Brush Creek 

Remnants: none known
Description: It was founded by Greer Grimes (1803 – 1888) & Sophia (Smith) Grimes (1805 –  1893). Their 400 acre farm was purchased from uncle Noble Grimes’s estate. Greer was also a banker. Anna (Evans) Plummer (1852 – 1923) from Kentucky was the first postmaster. She was buried with relatives in Manchester IOOF Cemetery on Cemetery Rd in Manchester. Cordelia Davis (1864 – 1941) was the last postmaster & was also laid to rest in Manchester IOOF Cemetery. Greer & Sophia Grimes had at least 9 children & were buried in West Union Cemetery on SR 125 (Sunrise Ave) in West Union.

Irvington – Scott Township
Post Office: 1887 – 1898
Location: 38.940004, -83.554702
on Tranquility Pike at the railroad crossing south of SR 770 

Remnants: none known
Description: Irvington was a farming & railroad town that sat on the Cincinnati, Portsmouth, & Virginia Railroad. Robert M. Foster (1830 – 1895) was the first postmaster & was buried with relatives in Mount Leigh Cemetery on SR 247 at the intersection of Mt Leigh Rd. William N. Shelby 1842 – 1905) was the last postmaster & was buried in Tranquility Cemetery on the south side of Old State Rte 32 (Co Rd 100).

Killinstown – Tiffin Township
Location: 38.797355, -83.492266
on SR 125 on the west side of the intersection of Poplar Ridge Rd

Remnants: Seaman Cemetery at the GPS coordinates, historical marker near the cemetery
Description: It was a stagecoach stop town platted in 1802 by Revolutionary War veteran John Killin (1758 – 1844) from Maryland who also ran the tavern & inn. The area had previously been known as Adamsburg. John & Rachel (Harper) Killin were married by Justice Of The Peace Noble Grimes in 1797 & had several children. Aside from the tavern & inn, the town had a general store & was at least mentioned as potentially becoming the county seat. John was buried in Pumpkin Ridge Cemetery (West Union Village Cemetery) on S Cherry St (Pumpkin Ridge Rd).

Kopp – Franklin Township
Post Office: 1902 – 1907
Location: unknown
Description: The proprietors were James D. Kopp (1852 – 1928) & Elizabeth (Thompson) Kopp (1854 – 1926). They had a few children & were buried with relatives in Locust Grove Cemetery on SR 42. James was the town’s postmaster.

McCarty – 
Tiffin Township

Location: 38.799014, -83.483000
on SR 125 between Poplar Ridge Rd & Abbott Rd

Remnants: McCarty Cemetery behind Satterfield Chapel
Description: The town was named after the McCarty family in the township. Some of its members were buried in the cemetery.

McCullough – Scott Township
Post Office: 1883 – 1905
Location: 38.930120, -83.515398
along the railroad tracks south of Nichols Ridge Rd 

Remnants: none known
Description: The original proprietors were War Of 1812 veteran Alexander McCullough (1780 – 1858) from Rockbridge County, Virginia & Nancy (McCroskey) McCullough (1780 – 1856). They had 5 children & the next couple of generations continued the tradition of farming & livestock raising in the area. The town land stretched north along Ohio Brush Creek from the Cincinnati, Portsmouth, & Virginia Railroad. Margaret A. McCullough (1851 – 1936) was the postmaster. The McCullough family was laid to rest in Tranquility Cemetery on the south side of Old State Rte 32 (Co Rd 100). 

Moore – Tiffin & Brush Creek Township (formerly Jefferson Township)
Post Office: 1881 – 1894
Location: 38.798683, -83.428245
on SR 348 at the east end of Compton Hill Rd 

Remnants: none known
Description: The proprietors were descendants of Methodist minister Reverend Joseph Moore (1754 – 1824) & Rebecca (Foster) Moore (1755 – 1838). They were buried in Manchester IOOF Cemetery on Cemetery Rd in Manchester. A. B. Holmes was the first postmaster. He was succeeded by  H. E. Walden.

Mount Leigh – Scott Township
Post Office: 1854 – 1860
Location: 38.955624, -83.573529
on SR 247 at the intersection of Mt Leigh Rd

Remnants: Mount Leigh Cemetery at the GPS coordinates
Description: It was a farming & religious founded by Presbyterians at a busy crossroads in the mid-1800s & had a general store.

Mount Zion – Scott Township
Location: 38.944482, -83.592237
on Mt. Zion Rd between Tri – County Rd & Baxla Rd

Remnants: Mount Zion Cemetery on the southeast side of the road
Description: It was a farming & religious town.

Osman – Tiffin Township
Post Office:  1854 – 1881 & 1888 – 1902
Location: 38.786097, -83.434263
on SR 348 between SR 125 & Compton Hill Rd 

Remnants: Soldiers Run (Carson / Osman) Cemetery on private property on the west side of SR 125 about 1 & 1/2 miles west of the GPS coordinates
Description: It was founded by Simon Osman (1808 – 1876) & Mary Ann (Parks) Osman. They got married in 1832 & had a few children. Simon was tragically stabbed to death by members of the Easter family on the former wooden “Bloody Bridge” (Forge Dam Bridge) crossing Ohio Brush Creek on SR 125. As the story goes, the Osman & Easter families had already been feuding for many years. Local residents were having a picnic & celebration for the completion & opening of the newly constructed bridge in 1876. Simon had likely indulged in a bit too much alcohol & began crossing the bridge before the dedication ceremony began. James Easter & his sons took offense to that & started brawling with Simon. James stabbed Simon several times & one of Simon’s sons stabbed James Easter in return. Simon died from his wounds & the Easter family reportedly crossed the Ohio River to hide out in Kentucky. The town had a school on the northeast side of SR 125 about a 1/4 mile northwest of the GPS coordinates & a church on Satterfield Rd southeast of the cemetery. The post office moved around to the residences of the postmaster. The known holders of the office were David S. Black, William W. Ellison, W. W. Smith, Daniel Sutterfield, Cary A. McGovern, & John W. Jones.

Plum – Meigs Township
Location: 38.949129 -83.366259
along the railroad tracks off of Plum Run south of SR 32
Remnants: none known
Description: Plum was a farming & railroad town that sat on the Cincinnati, Portsmouth, & Virginia Railroad.

Shimar – Meigs Township
Location: unknown
Description: none found

Stephens – Sprigg Township
Post Office: 1884 – 1907
Location: 38.671925, -83.688915
on Old State Rd (Township Hwy T-2A) at the intersection of Ridgeland Ln
Description: James King was the first postmaster. He was succeeded by House B. Mitchell (1864 – 1950). House was buried with relatives in Manchester IOOF Cemetery on Cemetery Rd in Manchester.

Waggoners Ripple – Green Township
Post Office: 1845 – 1906
Location: 38.712574, -83.442411
near the intersection of Abner Hollow Rd & Waggoner Riffle Rd 

Remnants: none known
Description: The town was established in 1842. Its known postmasters were Jesse Wikoff, John Beach, David Pennywitt, William W. Ellison, William Turtwangler, & Franklin Ellison.

Washington – Monroe Township
Location: 38.678461, -83.456419
between US 52 & the Ohio River on the west side of Ohio Brush Creek 

Remnants: none known 
Description: Washington was platted with 84 lots in 1800 by Noble Grimes, who was a justice of the peace & owned 1,000 acres. The town also had a large log courthouse & jail & was intended to be the future county seat, but West Union won that contest in 1803. Washington didn’t last much longer. Noble was buried on the farm’s “river hill”.

Brush Creek (Cedar Mills) – Abandoned Bridge

Brush Creek Furnace, OH (Cedar Mills) – (1811 – present iron furnace & forge town partially abandoned when furnace production stopped)

Classification: small town

Location: Brush Creek Township, Adams County – On Cedar Mills Rd (County Rd 6) at the intersection of SR 348

Brush Creek Furnace was the first blast furnace in Ohio. It was built next to Cedar Creek in 1811 by Archibald Paull (1793 – 1854) & a Mr. McNichol from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania & employed over 200 local residents. There was also an iron forge that was located where SR 125 crosses Brush Creek near SR 348. The town of Brush Creek had a post office from 1818 – 1824, the forge had one from 1834 – 1835, & the furnace on Cedar Creek had one from 1833 – 1840. Iron production stopped in the late 1830s due to competition from cheaper fueled furnaces & the iron supply in the area nearing exhaustion.

The remaining residents changed its name to Cedar Mills shortly after that because the local mills were still in operation. The Cedar Mills post office ran from 1868 – 1909. Brush Creek Cemetery is about 3 miles north of where the furnace was, close to the intersection of Cedar Mills Rd & Steam Furnace Rd. An abandoned bridge crossing the creek was constructed in 1924 by the Champion Bridge Company of Wilmington, OH.

Palestine – Wickerham Inn

Palestine, OH (1837 – mid-1900s farming & stagecoach stop town slowly abandoned over time)

Classification: ghost town

Location: Franklin Township, Adams County – On SR 41 between Peebles & Locust Grove) 

Revolutionary War veteran Peter Wickerham (1756 – 1841) & Maria (Platter) Wickerham (1767 – 1839) moved from Pennsylvania to Ohio in the late 1790s. They purchased a farm at the intersection of State Route 41 & Adkins Road. Back then, that portion of SR 41 was part of Zane’s Trace, an early pioneer road that stretched from Wheeling, West Virginia to Maysville, Kentucky. Realizing the importance of the location they chose to settle, Peter & Maria constructed the first brick house in the county in 1800 – 1801 with the idea of turning it into a tavern and inn for weary travelers along the road.

They platted the town in 1837. It had a school, blacksmith shop, & a church. The inn was the only continually successful business in Palestine. It remained in operation until about 1850 & was used to help escaped slaves hide out on the Underground Railroad. Morgan’s Raiders, a Confederate Army cavalry unit, rode through Palestine on July 15, 1863 during the American Civil War. Some of its soldiers stayed at the Wickerham Inn before continuing on their journey. Peter & Maria had 9 children and were buried with relatives in Locust Grove Cemetery at the intersection of State Route 41 and Cemetery Rd north of the inn.

The cemetery was established in 1800 & the town of Locust Grove was platted in 1835. Palestine couldn’t keep up with the growth of Locust Grove in the late 1800s. The same was the case with Peebles, which was platted to the south of Palestine in 1881 and quickly boomed with a newly laid railroad rolling through that area. Palestine didn’t have any accommodations at the time to attract travelers or more residents and faded out of existence in the mid-1900s. Shortly before the town disappeared from maps, a local legend resurfaced & still captures the attention of readers and listeners to this day.

An old tale of the inn being haunted suddenly regained relevance nearly a hundred years after its origin. As the story goes, a stagecoach driver who was thought to be carrying a large sum of cash was murdered in the upstairs room he rented for a night, but his body was never found. Reports by locals & travelers of seeing a headless man in the window of the room were usually dismissed as a ploy to draw more visitors to the inn and town. In 1922 while the inn was getting renovated, workers moved limestone slabs of the basement floor and discovered a headless skeleton underneath them. It’s considered by many to be the most likely haunted building in the county.

Adams Steam Furnace OH Abandoned Church corner of Rt 781 East and Lucas Rd
Steam Furnace – Turkey Creek Church

Steam Furnace, OH – (1816 – 1826 iron furnace & forge town partially abandoned when production stopped)

Classification: semi – ghost town

Location: Meigs Township, Adams County – On Steam furnace Rd (County Rd 27) at the intersection of SR 781

An iron forge was built in 1815 & the furnace was built in 1816 by James Rodgers (1787 – 1860), Andrew Ellison (1755 – 1830), & his son Andrew Ellison Jr. The exact location of the furnace & original town is unknown but there are a couple of cemeteries & a few abandoned houses on Steam Furnace Rd. The ghost town is sometimes referred to as “Old” Steam Furnace, as there is a newer community in the area, but all the old town really had was the furnace, forge, & a general store.

James Rodgers & Andrew Ellison Jr. went on to build many other iron furnaces in Ohio. Rodgers also managed the Brush Creek Furnace for a few years. Some of the Ellison’s relatives are buried in Brush Creek Cemetery. The google map below is centered on Steam Furnace Cemetery. There are also several other abandoned buildings & old store fronts in the area, including Turkey Creek Church at the intersection of SR 781 & Lucas Rd.

West Union – Olde Wayside Inn

West Union, OH (1804 – present farming and stagecoach stop town)

Classification: small town

Location: Tiffin & Liberty Township, Adams County – On SR 125 at the intersection of SR 41

The Olde Wayside Inn at 222 W Main Street was initially called the Bradford Tavern. It was built in 1804 by General David Bradford, the same year West Union was founded. He achieved the rank of general in the Ohio Militia and was a smart entrepreneur. On top of running the hotel & tavern, David also operated a stagecoach service along Zane’s Trace from Maysville, Kentucky to Chillicothe, Ohio. It always stopped at the Wayside Inn & gave him a leg up on the local competition with places such as the Wickerham Inn & Revolutionary War veteran John Killin’s tavern at Killinstown, just a few miles east of West Union on State Route 125.

The Bradford Tavern was sold a few times over the passing decades of the 1800s. It was called the Marlatt House in the 1840s-1850s. From 1860 to the mid-1880s the inn was owned by John Crawford & went by the name Crawford House. John paid J.A. Caldwell, a well-known map publisher, to put an engraving of the building in the 1880 Illustrated Historical Atlas Of Adams County, Ohio. William and Grace Lafferty purchased the tavern in 1936 & renamed it the Olde Wayside Inn. The current proprietor, Teresa Witten, is maintaining the tradition of keeping the building in operation.

1888 Adams County Map

Adams County Ohio Ghost Towns Research Resources

1880 – Adams County Atlas

1900 – A History Of Adams County Ohio