Ohio Ghost Towns West Jefferson Madison County history travel abandonedWest Jefferson, OH (Jefferson) - (1830 - present farming, mill, & railroad town that acquired most of New Hampton's residents)

Classification: small town

Location: Jefferson Township, Madison County - on US 40 west of Columbus

West Jefferson rose out of the dust of a failed town & was once the most important business point in Madison County. Residents needed a commercial center in Jefferson Township closer to home than the 15 - 20 mile journey to Columbus, called Franklinton at the time. Samuel Jones & Samuel Sexton moved to the area from New Jersey & platted New Hampton on July 5, 1822 along Little Darby Creek & Ludlow's Road, the first state road in Ohio.

The town was laid out with 93 lots on 8 streets on the south side of Hampton Cemetery on Frey Ave in West Jefferson. It had two general stores, a post office, three taverns, a hotel, and a brick Baptist church at the cemetery. The lot for the cemetery was donated by Samuel Jones in 1823. His wife Elizabeth was the first burial there later that same year. Samuel Sexton's wife Sarah & daughter Elizabeth followed in 1827.

New Hampton unfortunately wasn't growing fast enough in the late 1820s. New of the National Road, current day US 40, being constructed to the north spelled the end for the town. It was the first federally funded highway in the county, & when completed, connected Cumberland, Maryland to Vandalia, Illinois. Samuel Jones & Samuel Sexton moved back to New Jersey, leaving behind many departed family members & the dreams of creating a successful village. At least part of that same dream lived on through the efforts of a son & daughter-in-law of Samuel & Elizabeth Jones.

Reverend Isaac Jones (1802 - 1842) & Eliza (Mills) Jones (1804 - 1877) inherited some of Isaac's parents land along the National Road on November 17, 1830. They founded Jefferson & platted the town in September of 1831 with 64 lots. Its post office opened in 1833 but was called West Jefferson to avoid confusion with other towns in Ohio named Jefferson. By 1834 the town already had 700 citizens. Business boomed along the National Road & in West Jefferson in the 1840s & 1850s. Lumber mills & merchant shops fueled the local economy on top of farming & livestock raising.

On the northwest side of town, War of 1812 veteran John Blair (1788 - 1870) from Virginia & Jency (Jennie Thompson) Blair settled in the township in 1843. They were married in 1814 while John was running a hat business in London, OH & had 7 children. Their oldest child, George W. Blair (1817 - 1886) married Rachel (Goodson) Blair (1820 - 1883). They had 10 children & lived on George's parents old 300 acre farm. George & Rachel welcomed a Methodist congregation into their home for services for 9 years until donating land for a church & cemetery. Blair Chapel was constructed in 1853 with $700 in funds raised for the structure. The church has since been lost to time.

On top of owning & operating the first steam thresher & reaping machine in the county, George managed construction of 3 miles of Blair Pike in 1868 - 1870. The road still bears the family name along with a branch of the Taylor family that later settled in the area. John, Jency, George & Rachel were buried with relatives in Blair Cemetery on Taylor Blair Rd. The road also had two steam saw mills & a water powered saw mill on Little Darby Creek in the mid to late 1800s.

Back in town, West Jefferson was flourishing with a grist mill & pork packing industry. It had 5 hotels at its peak with passenger & goods stagecoaches lining the streets. Sebastian Roberts (1814 - 1869) & Tacy (Holt) Roberts (1821 - 1889) donated land for Pleasant Hill Cemetery on US 40 in 1864. Sebastian's parents, Thomas & Susan, formerly owned most of the land on the west side of town & were the first burial there in 1864. A two - story high school was built in 1868 at a cost of $17,000 including the grounds & furniture. Everything was going great until the Little Miami River arrived in town.

Railroads were usually a blessing for town in the mid to late 1800s, but it initially hurt businesses on the National Road & in West Jefferson. Goods shipped in on trains were cheaper than those made locally, but a wool mill & carriage factory kept the town going. In 1883 the town population was around 800 & there was only one hotel remaining. Residents adapted to the changing times though & business picked up again with the addition of the Murray Lumber Company in 1890.

A town hall & an opera house that could entertain 600 residents were constructed in 1898 & a new high school was built in 1911 at the intersection of Frey Ave & Fellows Ave. The Pennsylvania Railroad bought out the Little Miami & raised the tracks through town in 1913 - 1914 to prevent traffic accidents. Its last passenger station is on N Walnut St south of the railroad underpass. The town population was 1,070 in 1915 with street lights & businesses illuminated by natural gas piped in from Columbus. A junior high school was later attached to the high school & both were demolished in 2007. Isaac & Eliza Jones were buried in Hampton Cemetery.

West Jefferson's current population is around 4,300. Since 1951, the town conducts an annual West Jefferson Ox Roast during Labor Day Weekend. 5,000 pounds of meat are lovingly prepared by volunteers & cooked in a 140 foot long, 4 feet wide by 4 feet deep pit. Streets are closed for a parade & they also run talent contests & other events. A market place is set up for craft & commercial vendors, & more food stands. 

Ox Roast Info - http://www.westjeffoxroast.org/index.html 

Thanks to group member Ashley Murray, manager of Around West Jefferson Ohio, for providing the listing lead, pic, & some of the info on West Jefferson!

Ohio ghost town Blackfork Lawrence County history travel abandoned

Blackfork, OH - (1818 - present farming, clay mining, & brickyard town nearly abandoned & later repopulated)

Classification: small town

Location: Jefferson Township, Jackson County & Washington Township, Lawrence County - On SR 93 at the intersection of Blackfork Rd

The town was settled next to Black Fork Creek by a mix of runaway slaves from the south, native Americans, & European immigrants. They were all paid the same wages by local businesses during a time when racial prejudices were still running rampant in most of the rest of the country. The Union Baptist Church was organized in 1819. It was originally a log cabin structure but was replaced in the late 1800's.

Blackfork's first biggest sources of income were the Blackfork Coal Co. & its iron furnaces. Washington Furnace was built in the early 1850s. It was in operation from 1853 until the late 1800s & what's left of it can be found in the woods off a gravel road on the south side of the intersection of Blackfork - Firebrick Rd. & Irish Hollow Rd. The other furnace called Cambria was built in 1854. Its remains are inaccessible on private property. The land where the coal mines were got sold to the Cambria Clay Products Company who dealt in clay mining & had a brick making plant. The brickyard also had a freight station on the Toledo, Cincinnati, & St. Louis Railroad.

Portions of the old railroad platforms remain in the area & the railroad's tunnel # 2, constructed in 1882, is about 4 miles south of town under an overpass on Dry Ridge Rd. It was constructed by the residents of Blackfork. The railroad was later bought out by the Cincinnati, Hamilton, & Dayton RR, & then sold to the B & O who reconstructed the tunnel in 1916. That line of tracks was abandoned the following year. It was replaced by the Detroit, Toledo, & Ironton Railroad which was in operation from 1905 - 1983. Henry Ford bought it in 1920 & had new tracks built that ran through town for hauling pig iron to Detroit.

Many resident left to find work in other town when the brick company went out of business in the early 1960s & trains ceased operations in the early 1970's. The foundation of the Cambria Company general store is still visible & marked by a set of steps next to Blackfork - Firebrick Rd. Residents were buried several cemeteries including Washington Furnace Cemetery further south down the gravel road past the furnace, Union Baptist Church Cemetery on Ninner Hill, & Bethel Cemetery on Gallia - Blackfork Rd. The town's post office ran from 1902 - 1985.

Thanks to Donna Dickerson for providing info on the more modern railroad in Blackfork! We previously only had info on the town's early tracks. Her dad knew most of the DT & I engineers & firemen & occasionally took her with him to check it out. The trains also did pick-ups from the plant at Pedro and would ride up to the clay mill to drop entity cars and take the full cars away.

Ohio ghost town Hartsgrove Ashtabula County history travel abandonedHartsgrove, OH - (1830 - present farming & merchant town with less residents than in the past)

Classification: small town

Location: Hartsgrove Township, Ashtabula County - At the intersection of US 6 & SR 534

Hartsgrove is more of a historical community than a ghost town, but aside from the cars rolling by, being in the town square feels more like the early 1900s than the early 2000s. The township is also called Hartsgrove but was originally Gladding Township. In 1806, John Gladding (1782 - 1853) & his wife Mary (Ritter) Gladding (1783 - 1853) came from Hartford, Connecticut & settled a farm along SR 534 between Hartsgrove & Windsor. Their son Joseph Gladding (1809 - 1866) & his wife Thankful (Norris) Gladding (1798 - 1878) later settled a few miles north near Hartsgrove & had several children. Half of the township was a wedding gift to one of their descendants, & sometime in the mid to late 1800s the township name was changed from Gladding to Hartsgrove. 

The town was organized in 1830 & its post office ran from 1830 - 1905. Its square has a restored general store, the last one room schoolhouse, an old church, former meeting hall, & the Hartsgrove Emporium which housed a US presidents museum. There's also a nice small park with a gazebo in the middle of the traffic roundabout in the town square. John & Mary Gladding were buried in Windsor Township Cemetery about 5 miles south of Hartsgrove on SR 534. Joseph & Thankful Gladding were buried with several of their ancestors in Hartsgrove Center Cemetery (Hartsgrove Township Cemetery) off of SR 534 just north of the town.

Higginsport Ohio Ghost Town Brown County history travel abandoned

Higginsport, OH (White Haven) - (1816 - present farming, mill, & river town with less residents than in the past)

Classification: small town

Location: Lewis Township, Brown County - On US 52 at the intersection of SR 221

Higginsport was basically platted on top of what was already a ghost town. In 1804 Revolutionary War veteran Colonel Robert Higgins (1746 - 1825) from Pennsylvania settled next to the Ohio River near mouth of Red Oak Creek with his wife Mary (Jolliffe) Higgins(1763 - 1806). Robert platted the village of White Haven & offered incentives to new settlers. Only a few families took him up on the offer though. The would be town was scratched & Robert tried again, platting Higginsport in 1816 with 114 lots, a public square, & the town named after his family.

There were about a half dozen log cabins in 1828 & Higginsport got its first store that same year, followed by several more stores & a post office in 1829. The first brick house in town was built in 1835 at the corner of Water St & Brown St. A brick constructed in 1842 replaced the earlier stone & log cabin chapels. One of the main sources of income for locals was farming corn & tobacco. White Burley tobacco was named after the color of the plants & is know to have been grown in the area before 1850. A steam powered grist mill was built in 1855 by Henry Davidson & William Dugan. They added a whiskey distillery in 1861 & a warehouse in 1863.

The 1880s was probably Higginsport's heyday with a population of around 850. The town had a couple dozen small businesses including general, dry goods, clothing, & grocery stores, two tin shops, two drug stores, a hardware store, & tobacco store. There was also a blacksmith, doctor, 17 tobacco warehouses at the peak of production, & several churches over the decades. A large school was constructed on Gaines St in 1880. One of the last major businesses in Higginsport was a steam powered saw mill built by Boyd & Co. of Levanna in 1887. The town never had a railroad & didn't get any big businesses in the 1900s to create another population boom.

These days, Higginsport has around 250 residents, & the number is likely to decline in the future. Most of the original streets remain intact with older buildings scattered around. An abandoned bridge crosses Red Oak Creek between SR 221 & Old A & P Rd. It was built with steel made by the Carnegie Steel Co. who's owner Andrew Carnegie was once one of the richest people in the world. Robert & Mary Higgins are buried with some of their family members & other early settlers in Higginsport Cemetery north of town on SR 221. The school closed in 1987. It's one of the photographed & popular abandoned schools in the state.

Murray City, OH - (1873 - present coal mining & railroad town slowly abandoned over time)

Classification: small town

Location: Ward Township, Hocking County - On SR 78 at the intersection of SR 216

It was named after John Murray Brown (1839 - 1893), an early settler who bought up the land & laid out the town in 1873. He also built a hotel in 1875 for local workers but sold out his interests in the community a few years later to a larger coal company. Brown moved to Somerset, OH, then Columbus, & later Detroit, MI where he died & was buried in Woodmere Cemetery.  

Murray City was incorporated in 1891 & was once one of the largest coal towns in the country with over 2,000 residents. It had a semi - pro football team in the 1920s, the Murray City Tigers, which is now in the Pro Football Hall Of Fame. The town continues to lose more residents since the mines shut down with a current population of around 450. Its former train depot has been converted into a museum. 

Thanks to group member Tammy Altman for providing the info on John Murray Brown!

Ohio ghost town Stonelick Clermont County history travel abandoned

Stonelick, OH - (early 1800s - present farming & mill town with little growth)

Classification: small town

Location: Stonelick Township, Clermont County - On US 50 at the intersection of Stonelick - Williams Corner Rd.

The area was settled in 1803 by Henry Allison (1739 - 1826) & Hannah (Jackson) Allison (1756 - 1837). Henry was the brother of Dr. Richard Allison, a Revolutionary War veteran who first settled the nearby town of Boston, now called Owensville. Henry built a mill on Stonelick Creek which was Clermont County's most powerful interior waterway. It quickly grew to have the most mills in the county. There was also a large number of whiskey distilleries in the area.

In 1839 the first Catholic congregation in the county was organized where St. Philomena church now stands on Balzhiser Rd, just off of Stonelick - Williams Corner Rd. The current church was built in 1905 on the same spot as the previous ones, a log cabin that burnt down & then a stone church. Stonelick also had few schools over the years, blacksmiths, & several cooperage shops for making barrels for whiskey storage & transportation. The post office ran from 1859 - 1900.

Stonelick Covered Bridge was built on Stonelick - Williams Corner Rd in 1878 & was Clermont County's last remaining historic covered bridge. It crashed into Stonelick Creek in 2014 during efforts to restore it after being closed from traffic for several years. The rebuilding of the bridge is now complete, but it's not nearly as historic as it once was. Local urban legends surrounded the old bridge in mystery for decades. However, there's no records or confirmation of anything unusual ever happening there or any reasons for the bridge to be haunted.

There's also the St. Philomena Bridge on Stonelick - Williams Corner Rd where it crosses Stonelick Creek to the corner of Balzhiser Rd next to the church. It was built in 1904 by the Champion Bridge Co. & moved to that spot in 1950 when it replaced an old covered bridge. It hasn't been used since 2002 when a modern concrete & steel bridge was built next to it. The last schoolhouse in town, built in 1898, still sits on US 50 east of the SR 222 intersection.

Ohio ghost town Bears Mill Darke County history travel abandonedBear's Mill, OH - (1832  - present mill town with less residents than in the past)

Classification: small town

Location: Adams Township, Darke County - On County Hwy 34 (Arcanum Bears Mill Rd) south of US 36

Bear's Mill was settled by Major George Adams (1767 - 1832) who was a veteran of the Revolutionary War & the War of 1812. The township was named after him & George had a saw mill & corn cracker built on the land in 1832 but died later that year. In 1848 a new mill was built on the same spot by a local contractor, Manning Hart (1821 - 1891. He sold it in 1849 to Gabriel Baer (1791 - 1859). Gabriel finished the new mill including the wood siding that still lines the outside today.

It's unknown when or why the name was changed to Bear but it's is the oldest industrial business in Darke County. The mill store sells several kinds of flour & pottery. The address is 6450 County Hwy 34, Greenville, OH 45331 - phone # 937-548-5112. The town of Bear's Mill was once home to scores of residents who worked in & around the mill. It's still a populated area but the residences are more spread out now & most of the big old farms are gone.

Mill Website - http://www.bearsmill.org/

Haydenville, OH (1852 - present mining & company store town, the last company town in Ohio)

Classification: small town

Location: Green Township, Hocking County - On Haydenville Rd off of US 33

Peter Hayden (1806 - 1888) was a businessman from New York who recently moved to Columbus. He immediately set out to build his fortune in Ohio with the booming industries of the mid 1800s. Peter founded the town of Haydenville in 1852 with big plans for its future. He had an iron furnace moved from Hanging Rock, OH by canal to Haydenville in 1856. The Haydenville Railroad Tunnel was also built that same year & is said to be haunted by some of the workers who died during its construction. It can be found on a trail that goes north out of the cemetery on Howard Rd. Unfortunately a collapse inside the tunnel has rendered it unsafe to explore.

The Hocking Canal provided easy access into town, but when Haydenville got a train station on the Hocking Valley & Toledo Railroad, things began to move much faster. Peter Hayden also ran a foundry, bank, hardware store, & the company store. The train station was built in 1903 & currently sits abandoned on the tracks near Wandling Rd. The townspeople construced a Methodist Church & a post office in 1870, a school, & also built most of their own houses. Hiring an outside contractor rarely happened. The Haydenville Mining & Manufacturing Co. was formed in 1882, engaging in brick & tile making. The town's other main sources of income were the iron furnace & nearby clay, iron, & coal mines. The people who lived there basically worked for the town, purchased what they could from the company store, & didn't get much more out of it than that. They also took a certain earned pride in it all though, being part of a community that made the town their own.

Haydenville & its industries were hit hard by the Great Depression. The railroad tunnel was abandoned in 1957 & the company went out of business in 1965, giving Haydenville the distinction of being Ohio's last company town. Haydenville's historic district was listed on the National Register Of Historic Places in 1973. Ohio Historical Marker #4 - 37 at 1635 Haydenville Rd tells much of the town's story. Many of the early residents were buried in Haydenville Cemetery on Howard Rd.

Fairhaven Ohio ghost town Preble County history travel abandonedFairhaven, OH - (early 1800s - present farming & stagecoach stop town with no growth)

Classification: small town

Location: Israel Township, Preble County - On SR 177 at the intersection of Israel - Somers Rd

Fairhaven became a town sometime around 1833 when its post office was established. Construction of the Bunker Hill House on SR 177 took place from 1834 - 1838. It was a stagecoach stop on the Hamilton, Fairhaven, & Richmond Turnpike. The massive building served as a hotel & had a tavern until 1858 when a railroad was built through Camden which took travelers past Fairhaven. In 1862 the Bunker Hill House expanded again with a general store.

Local resident Gabriel Smith was a member of the Friends Of Freedom Society & helped runaway slaves escape from the south during the Civil War. He lived at the Bunker Hill House for a while & hid slaves in his room under a stairway next to the servants quarters. Smith was buried in Fairhaven Cemetery on Israel - Somers Rd. The Bunker Hill House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2001 & is described by Ohio Historical Marker #3 - 68 in its side yard.

The general store closed in the early 1900s & the town lost its post office in 1932. There are also several other old buildings & residences in the area. Harshman Covered Bridge was built in 1894 on Concord - Fairhaven Rd about 4 miles north of town. Its 109 feet long and spans Four Mile Creek. Fairhaven's population was 273 in 1895. It's probably smaller than that today & wasn't included in the 2010 census.

Ohio Ghost Town Rendville Perry County history travel abandonedRendville, OH - (1870s - present coal mining & railroad town mostly abandoned during the Great Depression)

Classification: small town

Location: Monroe Township, Perry County - On SR 13 at the intersection of Valley St

It's currently Ohio's smallest town with 36 residents in the 2010 census. Rendville was established by William P. Rend (1840 - 1915), a Civil war veteran who later moved to Chicago & turned into a railroad, coal, & oil tycoon. William built whatever his employees needed including grocery stores, saloons, & hotels. The town had around 1,000 residents at its peak in the 1880s. Rendville was hit hard by the Great Depression & has been losing residents since then. The town lost its post office in the early 1980s. Many early settlers are buried in Rendville Cemetery at the end of Main St off of SR 13.

Thanks to group member Brett Taylor, manager of Ohio Hiking Trails And Historical Sites, for providing the listing picture! Thanks also to group member Tammy Altman for providing the info on William P. Rend!

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